Lost Excuses, Found Results
A STROKE is always a medical emergency. A stroke is not a heart attack. A stroke happens when the supply of blood to the brain is suddenly interrupted. Some strokes are fatal while others cause permanent or temporary disability. The longer a stroke remains untreated, the greater the chance of stroke related brain damage. Emergency medical treatment soon after symptoms begin improves the chance of survival and successful rehabilitation. Facial weakness, arm weakness and difficulty with speech are the most common symptoms or signs of stroke, but they are not the only signs. Weakness or numbness or paralysis of the face, arm or leg on either or both sides of the body. Difficulty speaking or understanding Dizziness, loss of balance or an unexplained fall Loss of vision, sudden blurring or decreased vision in one or both eyes Headache, usually severe and abrupt onset or unexplained change in the pattern of headaches. Difficulty swallowing.
An insult to the brain caused by external physical force that may produce altered/diminished level of consciousness resulting in impairment of cognitive, physical, emotional, behavioral functioning.
It is characterised by paroxysmal attacks of Severe , Short, Sharp, Stabbing pain Affecting one or more divisions of trigeminal nerve
AGGRAVATING FACTORS– Chewing/ Speaking/ Washing Face/ Toothbrushing/ Cold winds/ or Touching specific trigger spot
It is a non-progressive disorder of neuromuscular origin involving cerebral cortex and its motor pathways due to maternal thyroid/ mental retardation/ previous pregancy loss/ polyhydramnios or perinatal factors including asphyxia/ umblical cord prolapse/ breech presenatation/ low birth weight infants or postnatal factors- infections- meningitis/encephalitis, traumatic brain injury/ hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy.
TYPES- spastic diplegic/ spastic hemiplegic/ spastic quadriplegic/ athetoid cp/ extrapyramidal cp.
Degenerative disorder of basal ganglia due to the deficiency of neurotransmitter doapmine in corpus striatum following lesion in substantia nigra
HEMIPLEGIA– The paralysis of one side of the body.
DIPLEGIA– The symmetrical paralysis of the body, mostly lower limbs.
QUADRIPLEGIA– The paralysis of whole body.
A condition caused due to the paralysis of the facial nerve resulting in the following:
It is a chronic inflammatory, demylelinating disease of the central nervous system in which the insulating covers of the nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord are damaged., more common in females
SIGNS & SYMPTOMS-
An immune-mediated process resulting in neural injury to the spinal cord may be idiopathic/ after bacterial/viral infections/ measles/ thrombosis of spinal arteries.
The unintentional and uncontrollable leakage of urine, most common in women, associated with coughing, laughing, sneezing or exercising.
Chikungunya is a viral disease transmitted to humans by infected mosquitoes. It causes fever and severe joint pain. Other symptoms include muscle pain, headache, nausea, fatigue and rash. The fever usually lasts two to seven days, while accompanying joint pains typically last weeks or months but sometimes years.