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TORTICOLLIS
THE SPASM OF STERNOCLEIDOMASTOID MUSCLE MAY BE IDIPATHIC/ CONGENITAL.

THE MUSCLE ON ONE SIDE GETS FIBROSED AND FAILS TO ELONGATE AS THE CHILD GROWS DUE TO ISCHAEMIC NECROSIS AT BIRTH/ BREECH PRESENTATION/ HEMIATLAS

SYMPTOMS-

• HEAD IS TILTED ON ONE SIDE AND CHIN FACES THE OPPOSITE SIDE

• BABY DOESN’T LOOK IN ONE PARTICULAR DIRECTION
• FLATTENING ON ONE SIDE OF FACE DUE TO UNRATED LESION
• SCM TENDON BECOMES TIGHT AND CORD-LIKE-RESISTED MOVEMENTS AWAY FROM THE AFFECTED SIDE.