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FACET-JOINT-DYSFUNCTION

• FACET JOINTS ARE SET OF SYNOVIAL, PLANE JOINTS B/W ARTICULAR PROCESSES OF 2 ADJACENT VERTEBRAE. THERE ARE 2 FACET JOINTS IN EACH SPINAL MOTION SEGEMENT.
• BIOMECHANICAL FUNCTION- TO LIMIT THE MOTION OF SPINAL SEGMENT & PROTECT THE SEGMENT AGAINST ANT. SHEAR FORCES, EXCESSIVE ROTATION & FLEXION.

SYMPTOMS-
• INTERMITTENT & UNPREDICTABLE EPISODES OF PAIN DURING ALL MOVTS.
• U/L PAIN WITH SIDE BENDING & EXTENSION.
• JOINT INSTABILITY CAUSING IMPAIRED POSTURE.
• IMPAIRED SPINAL EXTENSION WITH PERSISTENT POINT TENDERNESS & STIFFNESS.
• AGGRAVATING FACTORS- SITTING & TRAVELLING, BENDING FROM BACK, IMPROPER LIFTING, PRONE LYING ON SOFT SURFACE, SLOUCHED SITTING.