10
PROLAPSED-INTERVERTEBRAL-DISC
• IVD’S ARE SOFT, RUBBERY PADS FOUND B/W THE HARD BONES (VERTEBRAE) MAKING UP THE SPINAL COLUMN.
• IVD’S ACTS AS SHOCK ABSORBERS/ LUBRICATING/ CUSHIONING AGENT PROVIDING PAINFREE FLEXION & EXTENSION MOVTS. ADDING LENGTH TO THE VERTEBRAL COLUMN.
• PIVD MEANS THE PROTRUSION/ EXTRUSION OF NUCLEUS PULPOSUS THROUGH A WEAKNESS IN THE OUTER PART OF THE DISC THAT IS, ANNULUS FIBROSUS



SYMPTOMS-

• LOW BACK ACHE WITH OR WITHOUT RADIATION TO THE BACK OF LEG. (MOSTLY ASSOCIATED WITH SCIATICA) OR FRONT OF THIGH (FEMORAL NERVE).
• PARAESTHESIA & TINGLING IN ONE LEG THAT CAN BEGIN IN BUTTOCK OR BEHIND THE KNEE & EXTEND TO THIGH, ANKLE, OR FOOT.
• MUSCLE WEAKNESS U/L OR B/L.
• PAIN WORSE AT NIGHT OR WITH COUGHING/SNEEZING/ LAUGHING, AFTER STANDING/ SITTING, FLEXION
• LATER, MUSCLE ATROPHY.