Manual Therapy involves mobilisation and manipulation techniques.

  • MOBILISATION– A multidirectional movement with low velocity & high amplitude within physiological range.
  • MANIPULATION–A high velocity thrust with a low amplitude in unidirectional beyond physiological limits within anatomical range.

It is the use of high frequency electromagnetic waves of the frequency 1mhz & wavelength 300m.


  • Relief of pain
  • Reduce inflammation
  • Muscle relaxation
  • Promote the healing

  • Degenerative joint disease
  • Sprains
  • Strains
  • Haematoma
  • Capsule lesions
  • Inflammatory pain arthritis
  • Pelvic conditions
  • Infected surgical incision
  • Sinusitis
  • Carbuncles
  • Visceral pain

The two medium frequency currents are combined to form a low frequency current.


  • Localised pain
  • Stress incontinence
  • Degenerative joint disease
  • Neuralgia
  • Muscle sprain
  • Sports injury
  • Frozen shoulder
  • Cervical spondylitis

It is a low frequency current.


  • Chronic pain syndrome
  • Phantom limb pain
  • Post operative pain
  • Radiculopathy
  • Obstetric pain
  • Reflex sympathetic dystrophy
  • Cervical spondylitis
  • Sciatica


  • Wound healing
  • Tensile strength and scar tissue
  • Musculoskeletal conditions
  • Pain relief
  • Fracture healing

  • Joint stiffness
  • Degenerative joint disease
  • Adhesions
  • Scars
  • Post fracture stiffness

The movement of drugs through skin into the subcutaneous tissues under the influence of ultrasound.


  • Swelling
  • Spasticity
  • Pain
  • Ligament sprain
  • Muscle strain


  • Muscle spasm
  • Pain
  • Joint stiffness

The application of the longitudinal force to the spine.

TYPES- Flexion/Extension/Neutral



  • Degenerative disc disease
  • Pivd
  • Nerve root compression
  • Facet joint pathology
  • All/Pll pathology

To improve the range of motion of shoulder joint.


As a part of gait training.

Increase the normal range of motion at the ankle joint.

Used for the rehabilitation of the quadriceps and hamstrings muscle.

For resisted exercise of upper & lower limbs.

To improve the proprioceptive sense.

To develop coordination.

To improve the range of motion of upper limb, commonly in frozen shoulder.

To improve proprioception.